Uttar Pradesh may be showing improvement in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), but Neo-natal Mortality Rate (NMR) continues to be abysmally high with around 50 per cent of the districts either showing an increase or no improvement in NMR in the last few years.
This was highlighted in a discussion conducted by the state’s NRHM unit.
IMR is the number of deaths of infants who are less than a year old per 1,000 live births, while NMR is the number of deaths of children less than one month per 1,000 live births. India’s NMR stands at 31, while Uttar Pradesh has an NMR of 40 per 1,000 live births.
Dr PK Prabhakar, Deputy Commissioner, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, compared the Annual Health Survey (AHS) data of 2010-11 and 2011-12 to conclude that majority of the districts in the state have not shown improvements in NMR during this period.
Uttar Pradesh had shown improvements in the IMR in the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) bulletin of 2013, with the IMR falling four points - from 57 to 53 per 1,000 live births.
According to Dr Prabhakar’s analysis, around 13 districts in the state, including cities such as Allahabad, Kanpur, and Lucknow have shown no improvement in NMR between 2010-11 and 2011-12. Dr Prabhakar said NMR can be improved through better infrastructure, skill development of HR and safe institutional delivery.