Pradesh (UP) commands highest share of over 17 per cent in total milk production followed by Rajasthan (11 per cent share), Andhra Pradesh (nine per cent), Punjab (about eight per cent) and Gujarat (about eight per cent) with a combined share of over 53 per cent, it said.
Punjab has recorded highest per-capita milk availability of 937 grams as per latest available data followed by Haryana (679 grams), Rajasthan (538 grams), Himachal Pradesh (446 grams) and Gujarat (435 grams).
Andhra Pradesh has recorded highest growth rate of about 36 per cent in terms of improvement seen in per-capita milk availability followed by Kerala (21 per cent), Rajasthan (20 per cent), Karnataka (19 per cent) and Gujarat (17 per cent).
"Concentration of milk production in some pockets together with high cost of transportation has led to rising disparity amid states in terms of per-capita milk availability," noted the study.
There is an urgent need to build up strategies to increase competitiveness in all segments of dairy chain, input supply, milk production, processing, distribution and retailing, the Assocham study said.
"For promotion of the dairy sector in India, emphasis now needs to be more on how to involve and encourage the village population into proactively adopting dairy industry as a viable alternative to the agricultural activity."
Promoting dairy entrepreneurship, strengthening economic viability of dairy farms, increasing the link between rural production areas and urban markets and promotion of small quantity packaging to meet the needs of poor are certain key areas highlighted by the study.