who showed a lot of grit and temparament to hang on, was dismissed by left-arm spinner Jadeja, caught by Murali Vijay at short-leg.
Henriques followed up his first innings half century with another gutsy unbeaten 81 and together with Lyon added 66 runs for the final wicket to take the match into the fifth and final day and prevent India from recording an innings victory.
Chasing the paltry 50-run target, India suffered two early blows in the form of openers Sehwag and Vijay, whose flop show with the bat continued.
The opening duo of Sehwag and Vijay put on 16 runs before the former was the first one to depart.
Vijay started his innings with a bang, smacking Lyon straight over his head for a six, his only scoring shot of the innings.
But that was all the local boy could manage in the innings as he was caught by Henriques at mid-off off James Patinson when he tried to go a big drive in the next over.
Australia 1st Innings: 380 all out
India 1st Innings: 572 all out
Australia 2nd innings (Overnight 232 for 9):
Moises Henriques not out 81
Nathan Lyon c Vijay b Jadeja 11
Extras: (B-15, LB-2) 17
Total: (all out in 93 overs) 241
Fall of wickets: 1-34, 2-64, 3-65, 4-101, 5-121, 6-131, 7-137, 8-161, 9-175, 10-241
Bowling: Ashwin 32-6-95-5, Harbhajan 27-6-55-2, Jadeja 31-8-72-3, Ishant 3-1-2-0.
India 2nd innings:
Murali Vijay c Henriques b Pattinson 6
Virender Sehwag c Clarke b Lyon 19
Chesteshwar Pujara not out 8
Sachin Tendulkar not out 13
Extras: (B-4) 4
Total: (for 2 wickets in 11.3 overs) 50
Fall of wickets: 1-16, 2-36
Bowling: Pattinson 3-1-13-1, Lyon 5.3-0-29-1, Siddle 3-2-4-0.