Bank of America-Merrill Lynch (BofAML) on Sunday said the recent partial diesel price hike will inflict a 1.20% burden on the already sticky inflation and that the price index will remain elevated throughout the next fiscal.
“The bottomline is that inflation will follow an inverted U in FY14, after last week's diesel price hikes that will add 120 bps to FY14 inflation.
“Inflation should persist around 7% in the March quarter, which will then likely go back up to 7.5-8% in H2 of 2013. But it should abate to 6.5-7% by March 2014,” BofAML Indai chief economist Indranil Sen Gupta said in a note.
However, the American brokerage said it continues to expect the Reserve Bank to cut policy rates by 25 bps on January 29. It is likely to be cut by 75 bps by June, then pause in the second half as inflation picks up and cut another 50 bps again in the March 2014 quarter as inflation subsides.
The government allowed oil marketing companies to increase the retail price of the fuel by 50 paise per every month and ended subsidy on bulk and institutional diesel consumers like railways, state road transport corporations and to power plants. The current subsidy on diesel stands at R9.50 to a litre.
Gupta said, “We expect inflation to persist at 7-7.5% in the March quarter after the diesel price hike. And accordingly we hike our March 2013 inflation forecast to 7.3% from 7.1%.”
On the impact of the staggered diesel price hike, it said the move will add about 120 bps to FY14 inflation if crude remains at $110 per barrel.
However, on the positive side, Gupta said, the price hike will help the government trim its oil subsidy by R20,000 crore to R67,300 crore (assuming a rupee value of 54 to the dollar).
Stating that the long tightening by the RBI has begun to turn counter-productive, he said: “We cannot deny that RBI tightening is increasingly turning counter-productive in hurting growth rather than denting an inflation that is largely imported.”