Agustina Ocampo is the kind of foreign traveler businesses salivate over.
The 22-year-old Argentine recently dropped more than $5,000 on food, hotels and clothes in Las Vegas during a trip that also took her to Seattle's Space Needle, Disneyland and the San Diego Zoo. But she doubts she will return soon.
“It is a little bit of a headache,'' said Ocampo, a student who waited months to find out whether her tourist visa application would be approved.
More than a decade after the federal government strengthened travel requirements after the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, foreign visitors say getting a temporary visa remains a daunting and sometimes insurmountable hurdle.
The tourism industry hopes to change that with a campaign to persuade Congress to overhaul the State Department's tourist visa application process.
“After 9/11, we were all shaken and there was a real concern for security, and I still think that concern exists,'' said Jim Evans, a former hotel chain CEO heading a national effort to promote foreign travel to the US
At the same time, he said, the US needs "to be more cognizant of the importance of every single traveler.''
Tourism leaders said the decline in foreign visitors over the past decade is costing American businesses and workers $859 billion in untapped revenue and at least half a million potential jobs at a time when the slowly recovering economy needs both.
While the State Department has beefed up tourist services in recent years, reducing wait times significantly for would-be visitors will likely be a challenge as officials try to balance terrorist threats and illegal immigration with tight budgets that limit hiring.
“Security is job one for us,'' said Edward Ramotowski, managing director of the department's visa services. “The reason we have a visa system is to enforce the immigration laws of the United States.''
Anti-immigration proponents argue travel to the USis already too accessible and that allowing more visitors would put the nation at greater risk.
“Everybody would like to find a way to admit as many people as possible to visit here providing that they visit and then go home,'' said Jessica Vaughan, director of policy studies at the Center for Immigration Studies, an anti-immigration group based in Washington, D.C.
“A lot of consular officers underestimate how much people want to come and live here,'' she said.
Nearly 7.6 million nonimmigrant visas were issued in 2001, compared with fewer than 6.5 million in 2010. The number of visa applicants also dropped