As ‘too-big-to-fail’ banks face greater regulatory oversight in the US and other developed nations, Indian regulators too have identified certain groups as ‘financial conglomerates’ and they are being monitored closely for any systemic risks they may pose.
"Going by the size of our economy and our markets, there are institutions that are quite big. We need to keep an eye on them and, through our coordination mechanism, certain institutions have been identified and they are being monitored regularly," capital markets regulator Sebi chairman UK Sinha said. "This concept of better regulations for financial conglomerates and Too Big To Fail institutions are certainly relevant in India as well," he added.
Without naming any individual entities, the Sebi chief said "there are some conglomerates and those conglomerates are being monitored by a combination of regulators".
"Those (conglomerates) have been clearly identified. Their size may be smaller in comparison to the US institutions, but that is not relevant," said Sinha. "What is relevant is from the perspective of Indian economy and markets, are they big, and the answer is yes. The second question is, whether they are being monitored, and the answer is again yes, they are being monitored," Sinha said.
According to a 2013 status report published by global financial sector oversight body FSB (Financial Stability Board), India is progressing well on implementation of various G20 recommendations, including the regulatory framework for large financial conglomerates.
In India, the issue is being addressed mostly through supervisory actions, although global operations of SIFIs are not very significant in the Indian context.