notification said: "The RBI will have to be satisfied that the corporate structure does not impede the financial services entities held by the NOFHC from being ring-fenced, that it would be able to supervise the bank, the NOFHC, and its subsidiaries/joint ventures/associates on a consolidated basis...."
Existing non-banking financial company (NBFC) will be eligible to apply for a bank licence.
If considered eligible, NBFCs may be permitted to promote a new bank or convert themselves into banks, it said.
According to norms, the business plan has to be realistic and viable and should address how the bank proposes to achieve financial inclusion.
The new entity will have to comply with the priority sector lending targets and sub-targets as applicable to the existing domestic banks, it said.
Banks promoted by groups having 40 per cent or more income from non-financial business will require RBI's prior approval for raising paid-up voting equity capital beyond Rs 1,000 crore for every block of Rs 500 crore.
The guidelines said the NOFHC will hold the bank as well as all the other financial services entities of the group regulated by RBI or other financial sector regulators.
"The general principle is that no financial services entity held by the NOFHC would be allowed to engage in any activity that a bank is permitted to undertake departmentally," it said.
Commenting on the norms KPMG Partner and head of financial Services Tax Naresh Makhijani said the guidelines are now complete in all respects. RBI is eying entities with deep pockets, impeccable track record and financial inclusion in mind.
According to RBI norms, the NOFHC will initially hold a minimum of 40 per cent of the paid-up voting equity capital of the bank which shall be locked in for a period of five years and which shall be brought down to 15 per cent within 12 years.
The holding company will be registered as a non-banking finance company (NBFC) with the RBI and will be governed by a separate set of directions issued by RBI.
"The NOFHC and the bank shall not have any exposure to the promoter group. The bank shall not invest in the equity or debt capital instruments of any financial entities held by the NOFHC," RBI said.
With regard to corporate governance, the new guidelines said at least 50 per cent of directors of the NOFHC should be independent directors.
The corporate structure should not impede effective supervision of the bank and the NOFHC on a consolidated basis