Delhi-NCR region has emerged as the leader in creating the maximum number of jobs in 2013, even as overall generation of new employment avenues declined last year, says an Assocham study.
Information technology (IT), IT-enabled services (IteS) and IT hardware sector together accounted for a majority share of about 43 per cent in the total number of new jobs generated across sectors in 2013, the study found.
"About 5.50 lakh new jobs were generated across India during January-December 2013 as compared to over 5.52 lakh new jobs a year ago thereby registering marginal decline of about 0.4 per cent," it said.
"Cornering over one-fourth share of the total number of new jobs generated across India, Delhi-NCR emerged on top with over 1.39 lakh new jobs created during 2013," it added.
The study also found that new job generation plummeted in most sectors as about 20 out of the total 32 sectors tracked by the study registered a fall in new job generation.
Despite being the top employment generator, the IT/ITeS and IT hardware sector recorded a dip of one per cent in new job generations as it created over 2.36 lakh new jobs in 2012 as against 2.34 lakh new jobs in 2013, the study found.
However, academics, banking, construction, financial services, fast moving consumer goods (FMCG), human resources (HR), advertising & event management, real estate, retail and telecom are the sectors that witnessed a surge in new job creation during 2013, according to the study.
Among the metros, Delhi-NCR (national capital region) and Bangalore clocked significant year-on-year growth of 12 per cent and four per cent, respectively, in new job generation while Chennai, Kolkata and Mumbai registered a fall to the tune of over 21 per cent, two per cent and 22 per cent, respectively.
Among tier I cities, Hyderabad recorded marginal increase of about one per cent in new job generation whereas Ahmedabad saw a decline of about 6.5 per cent, it added.
In the tier II category, prominent cities that registered a surge in hiring activity during 2013 include Chandigarh (19 per cent), Kanpur (21 per cent), Ranchi (25 per cent), Raipur (25 per cent) and Vizag (1.5 per cent).