You might find it hard to believe, but the most intelligent reason I have heard for Narendra Modi’s stunning victory comes from an illiterate, young woman who has spent her whole life on the pavements of Mumbai. Her name is Surekha and I have known her since she was a child and watched her struggle to survive under the economic jackboot of the Indian state. She sells flowers, her husband does odd jobs, and the authorities make every effort to prevent them from earning a meagre living.
The Indian welfare state provides them with no access to basic healthcare. So Surekha lost two sons and now fights hard to keep her three-year-old son alive. She so badly wants to have a roof over her head that she and her mother once travelled to Delhi to try and meet Sonia Gandhi. They had heard that Sonia was giving houses to the poor. Of this election she said, “We have always voted for the Congress and our lives have never improved. So this time, we are going to vote for Modi because they say he can bring change.”
The man who will be sworn in as India’s next prime minister tomorrow has himself said that this election has been about hope. But, this has escaped political pundits in India and abroad. Leftist pamphleteers, who fancy themselves as liberals, have been the noisiest in their prophecies of doom. But they have been abetted by an assortment of activists, secularists, self-appointed guardians of ‘Indian pluralism’ and Bollywood actors.
Since none of these worthies has experienced the economic jackboot under which someone like Surekha has to live, they bang on about social justice and their concerns that the poor will be forgotten under Narendra Modi. Were they remembered in the six decades of Congress rule? If they had been, why is every other Indian child malnourished and every other Indian family living on less than Rs 20 a day?
If there are 300 million Indians who are official members of the middle classes, it is because they have somehow managed to fight their way up despite the efforts of the Indian state to keep them down. In this the poor suffer more, but the rich suffer as much in different ways. If there are Indian corporations today that count among the biggest in the world, it is despite the efforts of the government of India to destroy them.