Faced with a decline in its cash balance and convinced that picking up stakes in power plants by way of investment and/or in exchange for equipment supplied would hardly help in the current situation, public sector Bharat Heavy Electricals (BHEL) has taken a strategic decision to exit its joint venture power projects and not enter into any such alliance in the immediate future.
A source privy to the discussions at the PSU’s board confirmed this to FE, even as the company maintained that the lack of progress on these JVs were because of reasons beyond its control.
BHEL has already exited the 1,600 MW Udangudi power plant, where it had formed a JV with the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board by picking up 26% equity. It has three other JVs with state utilities in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka for putting up an additional capacity of 5,500 MW. Apart from the Karnataka project, other two projects have no clarity on fuel linkage and have not got various
statutory clearances for the past couple of years. BHEL’s total commitment of in these four projects ranged between R5,000 crore and R6,000 crore. Sources said BHEL might seek to exit the 1,500 MW gas-based power plant in Maharashtra and the 1,600 MW coal-fired plant in Madhya Pradesh.
BHEL currently has a cash balance of just around Rs 6,000 crore, a decline from the levels of Rs 9,500-10,000 crore when most of these joint ventures were conceived. More than ever before, the company now needs extra cash for productive investments in other areas like solar and nuclear power, besides meeting operational needs. The order book position has been weak for the last two years and even now, there is a paucity of new orders.
The move comes at a time when the domestic power sector, BHEL’s mainstay, is seeing a slowdown primarily due to acute fuel shortages and financial woes.
The go-slow policy on joint venture power plants, it is felt, would release company funds stuck in these ventures so that investment is routed to the growing solar and atomic energy sectors.
“The projects were conceived when BHEL’s cash position was good. But the slowdown has also impacted the company’s cash flows and it is better now to have a more focused investment,” said a government official privy to the development.
BHEL has already decided to limit its recruitment and fill only vacancies when they open up even