Ford Motor and its local partners boosted sales in China by nearly 50% last year, nudging past Japanese giants Toyota Motor and Honda Motor to make big inroads into the world's largest auto market.
For much of the past decade, Ford has trailed Japan's big car makers, but a line-up of new and revamped vehicles, including the top-selling Focus, and a China-Japan territorial spat helped the US company in 2013.
The Dearborn, Michigan-based automaker said on Monday that along with its local partners, it had sold 935,813 vehicles in China last year, a 49% increase from 2012.
Toyota and its two local joint-venture partners sold about 917,500 vehicles in China last year, up 9.2% from 2012. Honda's 2013 China volume totalled 756,882 vehicles, up 26.4% from 2012.
Industry insiders and experts attributed Ford's surge to its beefed-up product line-up. New in the showroom since late 2012 are a couple of small sport-utility vehicles and the redesigned Focus. It also added the redesigned Mondeo car, a China version of the car marketed in North America as the Fusion, to its lineup.
What also helped Ford was a sales crisis that hit Japanese brands in the fall of 2012 and lingered through 2013.
Violent protests and calls for boycotts of Japanese products broke out across China in 2012 after Japan nationalised two East China Sea islands, known as the Diaoyu in Chinese and Senkaku in Japanese, by buying them from their private owners. Japanese car makers' sales in China fell sharply as a result.
Toyota and other Japanese companies clawed back sales through 2013 as tensions eased, but Tokyo-Beijing relations could tip again at any time.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe last month visited the Yasukuni Shrine, seen by critics as a symbol of Japan's wartime aggression, which infuriated China and South Korea and prompted concern from the United States about deteriorating ties between the North Asian neighbours.
Toyota China sales and marketing executives said key new products, including the redesigned RAV4 Toyota-branded compact sport-utility vehicle which was launched during the fourth quarter, helped it recover much of the ground the company lost after a dispute over a group of islets in the East China Sea fanned anti-Japan sentiment in China.
Now, Toyota said it aims to sell more than 1.1 million vehicles in China this year.
That is a milestone Toyota has been trying to clear since the late 2000s.
A decade ago, Toyota's chief executive Akio Toyoda, who back then ran the