In the face of new threats and new challenges, the culture of aviation security requires significant reform IATA has called for a partnership between industry, governments and regulators to enhance aviation security by embracing a globally harmonised, risk-based system.
Speaking at the ongoing 22nd AVSEC World Conference in Istanbul, Tony Tyler, director general and CEO, IATA said, "Aviation security stands at a crossroads. Global passenger numbers will be approaching four billion per year by 2017, and the aging systems and outdated procedures of the current security system will not be able to cope. We need to change from prescriptive one-size-fits-all measures and embrace performance-based regulation if the economic benefits of aviation growth are not to be curtailed by security inefficiency."
Tyler noted three key areas for improving security cooperation: The importance of early collaboration between industry and government; that the shift to a risk-based approach should be pursued more aggressively; and security is best enhanced through a strengthened and harmonised global system—not adopting disparate regimes.
The move to risk-based security requires advance passenger information (API) to be collected by governments. Some 45 states already have API or passenger name record (PNR) programmes, with a similar number looking to implement such schemes. However, it is essential that these regimes be harmonised in line with international civil aviation organisation (ICAO) regulations. In addition the cost of collecting and processing the data should be borne by governments and not the airlines.
The data being collected can also be used more effectively. The use of registered traveller programmes can be broadened. The success of voluntary immigration and customs known traveller programmes demonstrates that passengers are willing to share even more data in order to smooth the process.
Tyler said, "Governments and industry can work together to make better use of the data collected. A good example is the checkpoint of the future initiative, which aims to improve the security and convenience of passenger screening by moving to a risk-based approach and adopting advanced technology. The flying public is eager to see the checkpoint of future deployed as quickly as possible. Stakeholders are aligned behind a staged implementation that will see the first versions in 2014. Subsequent stages will see us move from re-purposing equipment and using data more thoughtfully to the eventual deployment of new equipment in the final stage, around 2020."
The development of more secure freight chains has been a consequence of the foiled 2010 printer cartridge