India's crude imports from Iran rose by a third in the first half of the year, data from trade sources showed, after the shipments were boosted following an interim deal to slow Tehran's nuclear activity and ease Western sanctions.
India, Iran's top oil client after China, raised the imports to some of the highest levels in nearly two years in the first quarter, partly to make up for deep cuts in 2013 due to the lack of insurance coverage for refineries processing Iranian oil.
Intake rates have eased off since but are still running significantly higher than last year. Indian refiners shipped in 281,000 barrels per day (bpd) of oil from Iran between January and June, up from 211,400 bpd in the same period a year ago, data on tanker
arrivals from trade sources shows.
In June, imports from Iran dropped by about a quarter from May to 167,300 bpd,
the lowest in 10 months. The June intake was up about 19% from the same month last year.
India cut supplies from Iran by nearly 40% last
year, the largest reduction
by Iran's top clients — which besides China and India,
includes Japan and South
Korea. China also boosted its imports after the temporary deal between Tehran and Western powers was signed in November last year, with imports from Iran rising by 50% in the first six months of this year.
Iran and six world powers agreed to a four-month extension of the temporary deal
after missing a July 20 deadline to reach a final agreement on curbing Iran's nuclear programme in return for the end of sanctions.
Asian buyers are expected to import about 1.25 million to 1.3 million bpd of Iranian oil in the first half of the year, industry and government sources have said.
South Korea's imports from Iran fell 11% in the first half of the year, while Japan has yet to report is oil imports for June.
State-run Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemical was the biggest India client
of Iranian oil in June followed by Essar Oil, the
data showed. MRPL and Essar are India's only two regular monthly importers of Iranian crude.
Iran's share of total Indian oil imports rose to 7.3% in the first half of this year compared with 5.4% last year, the tanker arrival data also showed.
In the first half of the year India's import of oil from Latin America and West
Asia has declined marginally while that from Africa has