changes in all of the operating accounts between two periods will be computed and listed accordingly on the statement of cash flows to arrive at a net cash flow from operating activities. A steady positive operating cash flow generally indicates that the company is healthy.
Cash flow from investing activities
This section of the cash-flow statement recognises the changes in equipment, assets or investments. Disposal of fixed assets is considered as cash inflow, while purchasing a fixed or short-term assets such as marketable securities is considered cash outflows.
Investing activities indicate the extent to which a company has spent on resources that generate future income and cash flows. Growing companies typically has negative net cash flow from investment activities, which occurs because it buys more assets than it sells. Growth-oriented companies regularly invest in new assets to expand their capacity, replace old equipment and keep up with new technology. A negative cash flow from investing activities generally indicates that the company is growth oriented.
Cash flow from financing activities
This section reflects cash flows from issuing and paying off outside financing, such as equity, debt, and paying dividends.
Issuing stock or increasing long-term borrowing is a cash inflow whereas paying dividends or reducing debt is a cash outflow. Generally, healthy companies report more often negative net cash flow from financing activities. A negative cash flow from financing activities suggests that the business is using its cash flow from operating activities to pay dividends and pay off its outside financing. A positive net cash flow from financing activities indicates the the company raises money from investors and creditors to finance its growth.
A cash-flow statement can be used by different users for a variety of objectives. Prospective investors can use the statement to determine whether the company has adequate cash to expand operations and pay dividends. The company can use the information in the cash-flow statement to measure the efficiency of operations.
* The writer is associate professor in finance & accounting in IIM Shillong
‘Where got and where gone’ statement
Cash-flow statement is a statement that helps investors to know the sources from where a company got the cash and where that cash is being used during a particular year. The statement of cash flows consists of three sections:
* Cash flow from operating activities: A steady positive operating cash flow indicates that the company is healthy
* Cash flow from investing activities: A