Curbs on gold import are likely to remain in place with Finance Minister Arun Jaitley today saying the government is inclined to continue with this measure along with other steps taken by the previous UPA regime for controlling the widening CAD as they have worked.
"Each step is being continued...efforts are being made to continue each of these steps," Jaitley said while referring to measures taken by the UPA government last year to contain Current Account Deficit (CAD) that touched a record high of 4.7 of GDP or USD 88.2 billion in 2012-13.
Both the government as well as the RBI took a series of steps to curb imports of gold and other non-essential items in addition to increase foreign exchange inflows.
The real crisis on CAD front started in May 2013 when the US Federal Reserve announced its intent to taper its asset purchases or roll back quantitative easing.
At that stage, Jaitley said the Finance Ministry started taking measures, including "harsh" steps on gold imports to contain CAD.
The import duty on gold was raised thrice to take it at 10 per cent to curb its shipments. The Reserve Bank, among other steps, tied gold imports with exports (in 80:20 ratio).
"The measures taken by the government and the RBI helped contain India's current account deficit to USD 32.4 billion in 2013-14 and build up foreign exchange reserves to a level of USD 316.4 billion on July 4, 2014," Jaitley said in reply to questions in Rajya Sabha.
He further said the restrictions on gold import "apparently seems to have worked" and added the government is making efforts to contain CAD at "containable level".
Jaitley said so far as the role of monetary policy is concerned, the RBI does not target a specific rate or level of exchange rate.
"The RBI intervenes in the market only to smoothen exchange rate volatility and prevent disruptions to macro-economic stability," he said.
Jaitley said the government and the RBI do not "estimate or target" specific levels of CAD, but seek to monitor the balance of payments developments closely and caliberate policies and steps to meet the broad objectives of moderating CAD to sustainable levels.