In a major overhaul of corporate governance norms, Sebi will soon put in place stringent checks against unjustifiable CEO salaries at listed companies and ask them to adopt a whistle-blower policy to protect the employees exposing any wrongdoings by the top management.
The capital market regulator would soon make necessary changes in its framework for the Listing Agreement and other regulations that every company needs to follow with regard to their corporate governance practices after becoming a publicly listed entity, a senior official said.
Sebi had sought comments from the general public and other stakeholders earlier this year for a major overhaul of corporate governance norms. Besides, the new Companies Act has also proposed various new measures in this regard.
The necessary changes are being finalised after taking into account the public suggestions, expert opinion and the Companies Act, 2013 provisions, the official added.
The other proposed measures include greater powers to minority shareholders, an orderly succession planning and hefty penalties for non-compliance to model corporate governance practices and related norms.
With regard to executive pay, Sebi will ask the companies to provide a ratio of top management remuneration and the median staff salary. Besides, the companies would have to explain to their shareholders the relationship between their top management salaries and the performance of the company, as also the rationale behind the salaries and pay hikes given to the top executives.
There have been many instances of CEOs and other top managers getting hefty salaries, despite inadequate financial and business gains for the companies. This problem has been found to be much more acute at companies having top executives from their promoter families and the new rules could be stricter for them.
The regulator also plans to usher in new concept of 'Corporate Governance Rating' by independent agencies to onitor the level of compliance by the listed companies and regular inspection by the Sebi and the stock exchanges.
There is also a proposal to put in place a mechanism for greater oversight by and on independent directors, while the minority shareholders would get greater powers in cases like merger and acquisitions, business dealings with entities linked to promoters and top management, changes in the article of association of a company, among other important matters.
With regard to CEO salaries, Sebi wants the companies to be more responsible towards the interest of shareholders, although it does not intend to put any pay caps. Therefore, the regulator is instead focussing