A committee comprising members of the market regulator, the ministry of corporate affairs and members of the apex body of chartered accountants will seek to align Sebi regulations on private placement issued in April with the Companies Bill, 2012. Sources said the ministry of corporate affairs (MCA) has asked the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) to constitute the committee at the earliest.
The proposed committee will look at plugging any regulatory loopholes between the Sebi regulations and what is outlined in the Companies Bill, 2012, which is expected to be passed by the Rajya Sabha in the upcoming monsoon session of the Parliament.
As per Sebi regulations, a private placement is an issue of shares or of convertible securities by a company to a select group of persons, which is neither a rights issue nor a public issue. However, as per the provisions of the Companies Bill, 2012, issuance of “securities” to up to 50 persons or entities would be considered as “private placement”. Securities include a whole gamut of instruments such as debentures , shares, bonds, or other marketable securities of a like nature, including rights or interest in securities.
“If an entity issues securities to persons/entities exceeding this limit, then it will have to make it public under the proposed new company law,” said a senior corporate lawyer. “The stress in the new Companies Bill, 2012 is on ‘securities’ and not just ‘shares’.The Sebi regulations says private placement of “units”. These issues can be looked in to by the committee,” a company law expert said.
The Companies Bill, 2012, also proposes to place a clear time gap between two private placement. Which means, in a single financial year, any company can only undertake private placement once with up to 50 persons. Overall, any entity can raise money via private placement from a maximum of up to 200 persons. “Such restrictions are not visible in the Sebi regulations,” the expert said.
Sebi on April 16 had come out with a notification to further amend the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Mutual Funds) Regulations, 1996. In the proposed regulations, Sebi said: Private placement of securities can happen only after prior approval by the board and the trustees. Also, the company shall have to file a placement memorandum with the board at least seven days prior to the launch of the scheme.
Private placement of securities — a