Euro zone inflation fell faster than expected in September to its lowest since February 2010, signalling that the European Central Bank can maintain its loose monetary policy to help the bloc’s recovery.
Consumer prices in the 17 countries using the euro edged down to 1.1% in September from 1.3% in August, slightly below market expectations of 1.2%, the EU’s statistics office Eurostat said on Monday.
“We see no inflation risks,” said Christoph Weil, a European economist at Commerzbank. “There is no reason for the European Central Bank to act on inflation. It can stay with its expansionary policy,” he said.
The ECB will hold its rate-setting meeting in Paris on Wednesday and is expected to keep interest rates at a record low and leave them that way for an extended period or possibly deliver another cut.
The euro zone’s September reading is well below the ECB’s target of close to but below 2% and the bank expects inflation for all of 2013 to be between 1.4% and 1.6%. That is in line with economists’ expectations.
September’s fall was mainly due to energy prices, which slid 0.9% on the year, while rises in the price of food, alcohol and tobacco products slowed significantly to 2.6% from 3.2% in August.
The euro zone emerged from its longest-ever recession in the second quarter and while growth is expected to gradually return to the bloc following its deep crisis, indebted consumers are in no mood to spend and push up price inflation. The bloc’s weaker economies, struggling with record joblessness and spending cuts, have seen a big drop in the rate of inflation this year, while Greece is facing deflation.
Foreign orders boost China’s Sept PMI to 50.2
China’s factory sector grew in September after rising foreign orders made up for a subdued home market, a private survey showed, suggesting Asia’s economic powerhouse is starting to turn the corner though a firm rebound remains elusive. The final HSBC Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) edged up to 50.2 in September from August's 50.1, although that was below last week's flash reading of 51.2, with domestic orders proving to be weaker than preliminary estimates suggested. New export orders picked up the slack, climbing above the 50-point mark separating expansion from contraction to 50.7, from 47.2 in August.