A group of World Trade Organization (WTO) members has informally discussed adopting a global overhaul of customs rules without India if New Delhi goes ahead with threats to block the deal, sources familiar with the talks said on Thursday.
India has demanded the deal, which must be approved in Geneva on Thursday, be accompanied by a parallel agreement giving it more freedom to subsidise and stockpile food grains than currently allowed under WTO rules.
The ultimatum revived doubts about the future of the WTO as a negotiating body and many diplomats said New Delhi's stance could derail the whole process of world trade liberalisation, leading to some nations discussing the last-resort idea of excluding India from the deal.
"If India does end up blocking (on Thursday) there is already a group of members who are interested in pursuing that path," a source involved in the discussions said.
"A dozen or so" of the WTO's 160 members had informally discussed pushing ahead with the trade facilitation agreement on a plurilateral basis, or with less than 100 percent participation, the source said.
The WTO says a successful deal could add $1 trillion to the global economy and create 21 million jobs.
An Australian trade official with knowledge of the talks said a group of countries including the United States, European Union, Australia, Japan, Canada and Norway began discussing the possibility in Geneva on Wednesday afternoon.
A Japanese official familiar with the negotiations said Japan was still working on reaching a consensus.
"Everyone is thinking about what to do if something happens, or doesn't happen, but at this stage, nothing has been discussed in Geneva officially with regard to 'alternatives'," the official said.
U.S. trade officials in Washington were not available for comment, given the late hour. A State Department official travelling with Secretary of State John Kerry in India said the United States was continuing to hold discussions with India on the deal.
"We are hopeful that as we engage in those conversations over the next few days that some agreement will emerge that will allow the trade facilitation agreement to move forward," the official said. "We think that that is in India's interest and we hope that that's going to be the right outcome."
EU, Canadian and Norwegian officials could not immediately be reached for comment. Officials at Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott's office said they had no immediate comment.
Technical details would still have to be ironed out but