What is technical education?

Jan 23 2006, 00:23 IST
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The Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, one of six IIMs in the country, was all set to start a campus in Singapore when the proposal was rejected by the Union ministry of human resource development. Ironically, many foreign universities with dubious credentials have been enticing unsuspecting Indian students with the promise of a ‘foreign’ diploma/degree, not even recognised here, without ever setting foot abroad. These universities have set up shop here by having tie-ups with Indian partners. Management studies, like many other streams of education here, comes under the broader category of technical education.The IIMs, being autonomous bodies, are an exception. fe takes a Closer Look at some issues concerning technical education in India:

What is technical education?

Technical education, as the term suggests, is different from regular education. Its ambit , as per our laws, primarily comprises training and research programmes in sectors like engineering, technology, architecture, town planning, management, pharmacy, applied arts and crafts, hotel management and catering technology,etc.

How is technical education regulated in India?

The government constituted the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) in 1945 as a national level apex advisory body for conducting a survey on the facilities available for technical education in the country. The aim was to promote development of technical education in a coordinated and integrated way.

In 1986, the government framed the National Policy of Education. In keeping with the policy, AICTE was vested with the statutory authority for planning, formulating and maintaining the norms and standards for technical education in the country. Statutory status was accorded to the council through the AICTE Act, enacted in 1987.

What are the main functions of the AICTE?

Its main task is to regulate technical education in the country. As per the regulatory norms introduced from time to time, AICTE approval is required for starting a technical institution, introducing additional degree or diploma courses, increasing intake of students for courses, etc. Rules require even universities and deemed universities to seek AICTE approval before starting a new course or programme.

What are the important conditions institutions need to fulfill before AICTE grants approval?

AICTE assesses the financial position of the applicants and also whether the course/ programme for which approval is being sought is really required before giving its nod. Other parameters include the mode of intake of students, fee structure, staff position, etc. The guidelines also include parameters pertaining to land and

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