Indian cities scored in the range of 2.5 to 4.0 on 10 as against the global benchmarks of London and New York, which scored 9.6 and 9.3, respectively, according to the Annual Survey of Indias City-Systems (ASICS ) by Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy. (Photo: AP)
On the individual city-system components, Indian cities scored in a range of 0.6 to 6.8, indicating overall poor health of city-systems. (Photo: AP)
Their performance is equally poor across Urban Planning and Design, Urban Capacities and Resources, Empowered and Legitimate Political Representation and Transparency, Accountability and Participation. Average scores of Indian cities in each of the city-system components are 2.2, 2.6, 4.9 and 3.3, respectively.
The average score for all Indian cities is 3.3
Chandigarh has the lowest scores overall at 2.5
Thiruvananthapuram features at a close second rank to Kolkata overall and is the only city with a local ombudsman
The ASICS evaluated 21 Indian cities spread across 18 states. The evaluation comprised 83 questions across city-systems framework.