We believe 2014 could be an important year for many emerging markets, establishing trends that may play out through much of the remaining part of the decade. In particular, Chinese government initiatives announced in late 2013 could have far-reaching significance. Some 60 proposals across a gamut of issues could have dramatic consequences in areas including health care and social security, justice and the rule of law, intellectual and physical property rights, banking and monetary policy, and environmental protection.
The proposed changes, intended to facilitate sustainable economic growth in China, could also create substantial opportunities for investors. Reforms to state-owned enterprises, aimed at improving their professionalism and efficiency in resource usage, could benefit their listed subsidiaries. Measures aimed at encouraging enterprise and innovation, as well as blocking unfair competition, could speed up the process of rebalancing the economy away from investment-led growth and toward a more entrepreneurial, consumer-focused and service-oriented model. The project has a decade-long timescale, but we nevertheless expect to see some progress in 2014, perhaps through initiatives in free trade zones such as the one announced for Shanghai in late 2013 and others hinted at in the proposals. Of course, there are likely to be casualties as a result of these reforms. Companies facing intense competition and now deprived of the level of government support obtained in the past could be negatively impacted. We, therefore, need to keep our eyes open to avoid such situations.
A number of major emerging markets will see major elections in 2014 — Indonesia, South Africa, Thailand and India in the first six months of the year, and Turkey, Brazil and Nigeria later on. As the electoral cycle peaks, we believe administrations may feel more able to address barriers to long-term growth and retreat from populist measures. In these circumstances, ongoing strengths, in terms of solid economic growth potential, strong public and consumer finances, rich natural resources, and favorable demographic trends that have helped emerging markets over the past several years, could gain new traction.
We believe many emerging markets, in addition to China, possess considerable economic growth potential. For example, Southeast Asia has been seeing a notable extension of growth and wealth away from traditional economic hubs, with previously underdeveloped regions starting to see significant catch-up growth. Thailand is most notable in this regard, as the reforms instituted by former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra have resulted in more money going to the countryside and