Fifth Column: Keeping the faith

Dec 22 2013, 11:29 IST
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SummaryI have found myself pitted against secularists, whose case is that Modi will divide the country.

Ever since Narendra Modis rallies started drawing huge crowds, I have had the dubious honour of participating in many debates about the danger he poses to India. At literary festivals, political occasions and on prime time television, I have found myself pitted against secularists, whose case is that Modi will divide the country. So last week when The Economist had him on the cover of its Asia edition with the insinuation that Modi could wreck India, I was not surprised. Foreign correspondents in Delhi meet only a small group of Indians who have one thing in common: they speak an Indian language only when they speak to their servants. From conversations with the driver in broken Hindi, they glean the mood in the country and nearly always get it wrong.

So The Economist piece is filled with lavish praise for Modis economic achievements. Gujarats economy has nearly tripled in size during his time in office; its GDP has grown by 10% a year, faster than India as a whole and roughly on a par with China. With 5% of Indias population, Gujarat now accounts for 16% of its manufacturing and about a quarter of total exports. There is praise for the infrastructure built in Modis time and acknowledgement that under him Muslims have fared well and only 11 per cent of them are poor compared to a national average of 25 per cent. But, he could still wreck India because of the violence he allowed in 2002 and because he is the strongest voice for Hindu nationalists on the national stage.

What this highly respected newspaper misses, like most of Modis Indian opponents, is that the support he is getting nationally has nothing to do with Hindu nationalism. Casual conversations with ordinary Indians (non-English speaking ones) usually reveal that they are impressed with what he has done in Gujarat and support him in the hope that he can do the same for India. Not even in Uttar Pradesh these days is it easy to meet people who support him because they want him to build a temple to Ram in Ayodhya.

What I personally find most worrying is that Indian intellectuals of secular, Leftist disposition appear to have so little faith in the institutions of Indian democracy. They see them as so feeble that one man in the prime ministers office can blow them down as soon as he takes office. Surely,

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