India has pipped China and other major textile suppliers in competitiveness in the capital-intensive spinning segment, a latest study said, further bolstering the notion that enhancing the share of the organised sector in textile manufacturing results in lower costs. However, senior industry executives said systemic obstacles in the form of archic labour laws, frequent power outages and other infrastructural bottlenecks outweigh the inherent cost competitiveness and prevents growth in the country’s share in the global trade, senior industry executives said.
Based on an assumption that India’s manufacturing cost in the spinning sector was 100 in 2012, China’s was high as 138, followed by Indonesia (110), Bangladesh (104) and Pakistan (101), according to the study commissioned by the state-run Textiles Export promotion Council (TEXPROCIL). However, in the weaving and processing sector, the manufacturing cost of China stands at 111, followed by Pakistan (110), Bangladesh (87) and Indonesia (99), compared with India’s 100.
This reflects the growing urgency of bringing in more players into the ornaised sector in the weaving and processing segmant through policy intervention, the executives said. Importantly, the share of unorganised manufacturing in the yarn segment, a major beneficiary of the government’s technology upgradation fund schme (TUFS) since the latter’s inception, is barely 10%, compared with 80% for garments and roughly 90% for fabrics.
In 2011, 40% of ring spinning machines installed by the textile industry were less than 10 years old, compared with 29% in 2006 and 26% in 2002. Similarly, the industry achieved 100% shuttle-less weaving capacity with less than 10-year-old machines, compared with 75% in 2002.
Moreover, the report says a weak rupee has driven up India’s cost competitiveness in the export market in recent years, compared with China. Although the rupee appreciated by 5.5% during 2002-2006, it weakened by 24% between 2006 and 2012 (24 per cent), while Chinese currency appreciated against the dollar by 23.8% in the decade through 2012.
However, the report said India has to go a long way in catching up with China in the textile sector, which captured more than 35% share in global trade in 2011. In absolute terms, while China’s textile and garment exports hit $248 billion in 2011, India remains a distant second at $ 29.4 billion.
“Our share in the global trade suffers because of a lack of an effective overall policy framework, which has resulted in periodic restrictions on the shipments of certain raw materials.